Monotheistic religions predating judaism

Thus, the two beliefs share some similarities such as the ahura and daevas (agents of order and chaos) in Zoroastrianism compared to the asuras and devas who compete for power in Vedic religion. Ahura Mazda alone is to be worshiped, although the existence of lesser spiritual beings is also recognized.This is in contrast with other times in history where the faith might be characterized as duotheistic or polytheistic.Zoroastrian temples keep a fire burning at all times to represent Ahura Mazda’s eternal power.Fire is also recognized as a powerful purifier and is respected for that reason.The prophet Zarathushtra - later referred to by the Greeks as Zoroaster - founded Zoroastrianism roughly between the 16th and 10th centuries BCE.Modern scholarship currently suggests he lived in northern or eastern Iran or nearby such as in Afghanistan or southern Russia.It also acknowledges two competing principles representing good and evil: Spenta Mainyu (“Bounteous Spirit”) and Angra Mainyu (“Destructive Spirit”).Humans are intimately involved in this struggle, holding off chaos and destruction through active goodness.

Ahura Mazda is strongly associated with both fire and the Sun.The fires will purify creation and purge wickedness.Angra Mainyu will either be destroyed or made powerless, and everyone will live in paradise except perhaps the extremely wicked, which some sources believe will continue to suffer endlessly.The mask prevents the fire from being desecrated by his breath.The visitor is then anointed with ash from the fire.

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Different Zoroastrian communities recognize different calendars for holidays.

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