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Why population dynamics matters for sustainable development Population growth, population ageing and decline, as well as migration and urbanization, affect virtually all development objectives that are on top of national and global development agendas.They affect consumption, production, employment, income distribution, poverty and social protections, including pensions; they also complicate our efforts to ensure universal access to health, education, housing, sanitation, water, food and energy.Population growth, in particular, places increasing pressures on the planet’s resources -- water, forests, land and the earth’s atmosphere -- contributing to climate change and challenging environmental sustainability.However, population dynamics do not only affect critical development objectives; they are themselves affected by social, economic and environmental changes.Excellencies, Distinguished delegates, Ladies and gentlemen, The world population has surpassed the 7 billion mark and is projected to grow to over 9 billion by 2043.
Such policies are contrary to the respect for human rights, and experience has shown that such measures are likely to be counterproductive in the long run.
Higher population density enables governments to more easily deliver essential infrastructure and services in urban areas at relatively low cost per capita.
Liveable and sustainable cities have knock-on effects in terms of providing rural populations with greater access to services such as education and healthcare, while also empowering them economically.
Migration can be an important enabler of social and economic development.
Today, more than a billion people rely on international and internal migration to escape from poverty and conflict, adapt to environmental and economic shocks, and improve the income, health, and education of their families.